A smallish medium sized, moderately vigorous, thornless tree of approximately 4 - 5 metres high, bearing small round, high juice content fruit, maturing from green to a yellow fruit - like a miniature Orange tree. Regarded as the "King of citrus fruits", the Bergamot fruit is cultivated specifically for the production of oil, as the fruit proves inedible due to its acidic, bitter and sour flavour.
Normally, Bergamot essential oil contains naturally occurring bergaptens or furo/furano-coumarins, which are known to cause skin phototoxicity. This means that skin can discolour when exposed to direct sunlight, and in some cases cause burning. It is for this reason that a furo/furano-coumarin-free (FCF) or non-phototoxic version of Bergamot has been created.
The essential oil is obtained from cold-pressing and followed by washing of the course grating of peelings or rind of the unripe Bergamot fruit. This process removes the bergaptens, which allows the oil to no longer be phototoxic and can be safely used directly on the skin.
Bergamot Non-Phototoxic essential oil is said to help ease congestion, as well as coughs and colds, and some infections, while aiding and maintaining the digestive system. Helps to relieve depression, nervous tension, stress and anxiety, and insomnia with a refreshing and uplifting quality. Used for concentration, motivation, general well-being and happiness. May be beneficial for oily skin and acne prone skin, minor skin irritations like eczema and psoriasis, cold sores, as well as minor wounds like cuts, scratches and abrasions.
Safety Precaution : Flammable. May cause sensitisation and irritation when in contact with sensitive skin.
Blends well with : Chamomile, Coriander, Cypress, Geranium, Jasmine, Juniperberry, Lavender, Neroli and Violet.
Bergamot Non-Phototoxic is safe to use on concentrations of up to 30% and can be used on the skin without having to be concerned about sun exposure.
FACT : During the 17th century, the oil has traditionally been used in the fragrance industry, particularly eau de cologne, for its light, fresh odour. This extended to flavouring uses in the 18th century, to enhance Earl Grey Tea. The well-known semi-scented English-style tea, Earl Grey, is prepared by spraying the blended tea with oil of bergamot - some say this secret is said to have been shared by a Chinese person of influence to the second Earl Grey around 1830. Lastly, tobacco is sometimes perfumed with Bergamot oil.